Role of pulses in Indian agriculture

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The bride occupies an important place in Indian agriculture. In India, brides are growing in an area of ​​23.8 million hectares, with a total production of 18.6 million tonnes. The average production of pulses in India is about 735 kg / ha. The country needs to produce 405 million tonnes of additional pulses to meet domestic needs and this is possible only if we produce high-yield pulses, short-term, dry and insect-resistant varieties. In the rainy season, pulses like green gram, black gram, pigeon pea and cow are the most important and leading pulse crops in India. Chicken peas, lentils, lettuce, field peas and kidney beans are the major pulse crops growing during the winter season. However, green gram, black gram and copy are both grown in the spring and rainy season. The flowers are generally grown in irrigated as well as rainy open areas and belong to the leguminaceae family.

Factors responsible for the low cost of pulses Delayed boot / plants Poor crops have resulted in low seed rates resulting in poor grass management during crop development Insufficient irrigation and rain water management In large-scale monoculture and crop systems. The lack of consideration of previous harvest in the same field of non-inclusion of pulses insufficient plant protection. Poor management for secondary and micronutrient use , mainly 5, Zn, Mn, Fe and B. Absorption of more effective N deficient fertilizers using genotypes seed availability of HYVs at affordable prices and at the appropriate time .

India has already visited the Green Revolution after five decades. However, the production of stagnant or deficient pulses has led to many problems in protein nutrition and quality food insecurity and high pulses prices. Demand for pulses is much higher than the availability of pulses, which increases the prices of pulses that are unable to accommodate customers, especially in the population, rural and mountainous areas. The estimated need for pulses by 2030 is estimated to be around 32 million tonnes. The bride plays a vital role in protecting the economy, protecting the nutrition, protecting the food, soil health, increasing farm profitability and environmental sustainability. Thus brides are the main crop of plants in the Indian subcontinent.
The Indian population is mainly vegetable. Pulses and their products are a rich source of essential nutrients such as proteins, minerals and vitamins. Cats can easily meet the need for a vegetarian diet protein. As Indians are lacking in the quality and quantity of dietary protein, the nutritional value of eating bridal cereals mixed with other cereals increases. There are also cost-effective alternatives to reduce energy protein / nutrients in the country: Regular intake of pulses can prevent many serious diseases in humans.

India accounts for only three percent of the world's resources and five percent of water resources. However, the Indian agriculture system supports 18% of the world's population. Since the resources, viz. Demand for land, water and energy constrained, shortage, costly and urbanization industrialized and to meet the needs of agriculture. In addition: Elimination of soil health is raising significant concerns for 'agricultural sustainability'. Organic matter and low consumption of fertilizers are affecting the productivity of pulse crops. During the last few years a dry material has affected the production of a dry goods pulses. The production of pulses in India has failed to make us dependent on imports. The demand for these foods is expected in the future. India is the world's largest producer, importer and consumer of brides. Our annual import bill for the bride is 100,000 million. Thus, there is a great need to increase the production of pulses because the parietal availability of pulses is only 37 g / day as 54 g / day to meet the protein requirements under changing climatic conditions. Essentially, more goals will be given on achieving the target. By 2420, producing 24 million tonnes of pulses, the country itself is sufficient and sufficient to reduce the burden of import bills. Pulse seed production centers are being set up in different areas to ensure farmers of pulse quality seeds.

Per pulse availability of pulses has gradually decreased from 65 g / day in 1961 to only 39.4 g in 2011, while grain availability has fallen from 3 99.7 to 423.5. For a country that is constantly facing increased protein intake and a preference for a vegetarian diet, pulses are the most important source of vegetable protein due to the large protein deficiency in high consumption of pulses. Will help you deal with it.

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