The economic role of agriculture in China

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The "Chinese economic miracle" seems to have captured the attention of the whole world, especially when it comes to FDI incomes in production, manufacturing, sourcing, China. But do we know about the largest sector in the agricultural sector in the Chinese labor market? The PRC inherited a destructive country, in which both humans were wiped out by destructive fighters such as warlords, civil wars, occupation and natural disasters, drought, famine, and floods. During the Mao era, the Chinese government made extensive land reforms in the countryside. Farmers with little or no land were given land to their own country, significantly increasing their motivation for production. In the Mao period as a whole, China's agriculture has grown slowly, as in some golden times like 1953-57, annual output increased by an average of 4.5%.

Under Mao, the concept of agriculture was essential. The Chinese peasantry was essentially equal to the Soviet blue-collar proletarians, thus the importance of peasants in the classical struggle was fundamental. After 1978 and under the reforms, China introduced the domestic contract liability system, which linked production to compensation, and began to dismantle the community system of the people, organizations of state power and economic organizations. Started to end links between. The distribution of land from the distribution of land to the farmers was changed and encouraged the farmers for production. As a result, during the six years since 1978, agricultural production increased more than twice as fast as the average growth rate in the last twenty-five years.

The reforms played a key role in adjusting the supply and demand situation of agricultural products to allocate resources and create and encourage farmers to produce. Overall, since 1978, China's reforms to economic policy have benefited agriculture as it has generally benefited the economy. Nevertheless, after 30 years of reform, the sector lags behind many other sectors in the Chinese economy. Economic and Political Role of Agriculture in Contemporary China - 1. Food Security. A big and populous country like China, the concept of food security is fundamentally important. Feeding his people is probably the first priority of his rulers in history.

2. Political and social stability. The Chinese farmers are known as the "rebellious spirit", which is well documented in history books. When famine, war, or other extreme conditions occurred, the peasants of China, whose population constitutes the majority, continue to be the largest group of Chinese people. Thus, there is a consensus that without farmers / agriculture there is no stability and to avoid "da lone" - large chaos, farmers must be silent and content. Even now, China's farmers are the largest, but still representative group, which holds the keys to stability in China.

3. Employment tool. The concept of agriculture as an employment tool in China is a bit paradox. On the one hand, widespread wages in the agriculture sector are high, resulting in unemployment or unemployment. On the other hand, agriculture remains the largest sector responsible for the functioning of agriculture, and in turn maintains about 60% of China's population and maintains social and order. 4. Part of the GDD Reforms in the early 1980s initially increased the relative share of the agricultural sector. The share of agricultural production in total GDP increased from 30% in 1980 to 33% in 1983. Since then, however, agriculture's GDP has fallen sharply, and in 2003 it was only 14 percent. This figure is a relatively small part of the agricultural sector, however it is a significant contributor to the overall performance of the Chinese economy.

What are the main obstacles to the agriculture sector in China? 1. Natural Resources and Disasters. At the beginning of the 21st century, China still faced many serious environmental / environmental issues and some were the result of human error, and some were just the result of the "mother nature course". The main problems are water supply, ie scarcity, waste and quality. In the agricultural context, irrigation is likely to be the most important factor. 2. Education. Chinese policy documents state that national modernity depends on accelerating the transfer of quantity in rural areas, as a large "low quality" rural population has traditionally been deprived of modernity and prosperity in poverty and agriculture.

3. Technology. The quality of the country's agriculture is, first and foremost, by the ability of its farmers. Unfortunately, trainees do not have the ability to apply advanced methods and new technologies. Dan Xuoping always emphasized the importance of science and technology

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